Posted by: wasaa | June 1, 2008

Present Role of ICT

Word processing

Store data









          Educational administration



Computer Assisted Learning ( CAL )

Computer Assisted School Administration

This involves the use of IT to automate activities in school administration such as keeping records of students, examination results, normal office work, communication with other schools via e-mail etc.


Accounting and Banking


    IT is used to automate manual accounting  systems such as general ledger, sales and purchases, stock control ( with point of sales terminal connected to stock data base ) In banking the use of Automatic Teller Machine is a useful application  of IT.



    IT is used in transportation by railways and airlines for reservation of seats, control of traffic and maintaining time-tables of vehicles and duties of crew. It is used all fields of air traffic. Every air craft has a small computer fitted to help pilots in various ways.



In hospitals special computers are built inside different equipment. For example CAT scanners ( Computer Axial Tomography ) Further maintenance of patients records in electronic databases enhances service provided to them.



    Engineers use IT to prepare drawings of machines, tools, bridges, buildings etc. (Computer Assisted Drawing- CAD). Also computers are used to control manufacture of items (Computer Assisted Manufacture). The use of Robots in industries is another example


Defense & Security

    IT is very useful in tracking down of criminals by maintenance of their databases. In warfare computers are used to guide missiles.



    This basically covers video games, music and movies played back by computers with multimedia facilities.


Special purpose computers are used in modern house hold appliances like washing machines, microwave ovens, television sets and video cassette players etc



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