An item of information has following characteristics.
Information is true or false ; accurate or inaccurate
This is described in terms of qualitative and quantitative, numerical and graphic, summary and detailed.
This is a measure of how often information is needed, collected or produced.
This defines the scope of information
Information may origin from sources inside the organization or outside.
Information may be oriented toward the past, toward current event or toward future activities and events.
A set of information has following
Information is relevant if it is needed for a practical situation.
Complete information provides the user with all that needs to be known about a particular situation.
Timely information is something that is available when it is needed. Further it has not become outdated through delay.